Forensics DNA collection and analysis gives the criminal justice field a powerful tool for convicting the guilty and exonerating the innocent. DNA profiling (also called DNA testing, DNA typing, or genetic fingerprinting) is a technique employed by forensic scientists to assist in the identification of individuals on the basis of their respective DNA profiles. DNA profiles are encrypted sets of numbers that reflect a person's DNA makeup, which can also be used as the person's identifier. DNA profiling should not be confused with full genome sequencing. It is used in, for example, parental testing and rape investigation.
Crime DNA analysis is a powerful tool because each person's DNA is unique (with the exception of identical twins). Therefore, DNA evidence collected from a crime scene can implicate or eliminate a suspect, similar to the use of fingerprints. It also can analyze unidentified remains through DNA comparisons from relatives.
Infidelity If you suspect your partner is being unfaithful, you can send in artifacts to test for the presence of another person's genetic material.
Identification Genetic material that is found in DNA is a unique identifier, used for identifying a particular individual as the source of the human genetic material in a sample such as semen, blood, or hair.